Terms and definitions
Cue ball:The white ball which is used to play the other balls.
Object balls:Colored and numbered balls, which are to be pocketed in the course of the games following the rules.
Cushion:Edge of the playing area where the balls are reflected.
Pocket:Takes the balls dropped in the respective hole.
Foot spot:Spot, on which the first object ball lies when racking the balls.
Head field:Field behind the head string in which the the cue ball is put at the start of the game.
Foul:Action during the game breaking the rules.
Player at the table:Player having the current inning.
Inning:Means the time from the first stroke to the change of the current player.
InningA player is "at the table" until he fails to pocket a legal ball.
FoulsThe current player commits a foul, if:
1. the cue ball doesn't touch a legal object ball first.
2. the cue ball hits a legal object ball but neither the cue ball nor an object ball touches a cushion.
3. the cue ball is pocketed.
A player can commit only one foul per inning.
If a player commits a foul, his inning ends and his opponent has the cue ball in hand.
Cue ball in handIf a player has the cue ball in hand he may place it anywhere on the table.
Cue ball in hand behind the head stringIf a player has "cue ball in hand behind the head string, he may place the cue ball anywhere in the head field. Then he may play only an object ball outside the head field except he touches any cushion outside the head field. A violation of this rule is a foul.